Ophthalmology is a branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of diseases of the eye and visual system.
The eye, its surrounding structures and the visual system can be affected by a number of clinical conditions. Ophthalmology involves diagnosis and therapy of such conditions, along with microsurgery.
All evaluations that purport to diagnose eye disease should be carried out by a physician. An ophthalmologist is a doctor of medicine who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the eye, in addition to diagnosing systemic disease that manifests in eye signs or symptoms.
Since ophthalmologists perform operations on eyes, they are considered to be both surgical and medical specialists.
In fact, the only health professional trained both medically and surgically to treat eye disorders — especially the most serious eye diseases such as macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma — is an ophthalmologist.
Many eye diseases have no early symptoms. They may be painless, and you may see no change in your vision until the disease has become quite advanced.
The single best way to protect your vision is through regular professional eye examinations. Of course, between examinations, if you notice a change in your vision – or you think your eye may be injured in any way – contact your eye care professional immediately.
Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the physical disturbance of the center of the retina called the macula.
Bulging eyes, or proptosis, occurs when one or both eyes protrude from the eye sockets due to space taking lesions such as swelling of the muscles, fat, and tissue behind the eye.
Cataracts are a degenerative form of eye disease in which the lens gradually becomes opaque and vision mists over.
Cataracts in Babies
In rare cases, children develop cataracts in the first few years of their lives.
CMV Retinitis is a serious infection of the retina that often affects people with AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) and that may also affect people with other immune disorders.
Color blindness is not actually blindness in the true sense but rather is a color vision deficiency—people who are affected by it simply do not agree with most other people about color matching.
Crossed Eyes (Strabismus)
Crossed eyes (or strabismus) occur when a person’s eyes are not able to align on the same point at the same time, and appear to be misaligned or pointed in different directions.
Diabetic Macular Edema
Diabetic Macular Edema, DME, is caused by fluid accumulation in the macula. Patients with DME typically experience blurred vision which can be severe.
Eye Floaters and Eye Flashes
Floaters are small specks or clouds that move across your field of vision—especially when you are looking at a bright, plain background, like a blank wall or a cloudless blue sky.
Glaucoma occurs when a build-up of fluid in the eye creates pressure, damaging the optic nerve.
When the cornea in the front of the eye, which normally is round, becomes thin and cone-shaped.
Commonly known as lazy eye, amblyopia is poor vision in an eye that does not receive adequate use during early childhood.
Whenever ordinary glasses or contact lenses don’t produce clear vision, you are considered to have low vision.
Ocular hypertension is an increase in pressure in the eye that is above the range considered normal.
When the retina detaches, light-sensitive membrane in the back of the eye becomes separated from the nerve tissue and blood supply underneath it.
Sometimes your eyelid simply twitches.
Uveitis is the inflammation of the inside of the eye, specifically affecting one or more of the three parts of the eye that make up the uvea.